Denmark's main airport is in the capital Copenhagen and is a hub for international and national carriers.
Airports & Airlines
- The majority of overseas flights into Denmark land at Copenhagen Airport in Kastrup, about 9km southeast of central Copenhagen.
- A number of international flights, mostly those coming from other Nordic countries or the UK, land at smaller regional airports, in Aarhus, Aalborg, Billund, Esbjerg and Sønderborg.
- Dozens of international airlines fly to/from Danish airports; the airport websites have up-to-date information on all the relevant carriers.
- SAS (www.flysas.com) is the flag carrier of Denmark (and Norway and Sweden).
There is no departure tax.
- Technically, Denmark’s only land crossing is with Germany, although the bridge over the Øresund from Sweden functions in the same way.
- Comprehensive tips on reaching Denmark from the UK or Europe without flying are online at www.seat61.com/denmark.
You can carry your bicycle into Denmark aboard a boat, plane or train.
Ferries Boats into Denmark are all well equipped for passengers with bicycles, usually for a nominal fee.
Flights Bicycles can travel by air, but airline baggage regulations seem to be in constant flux and their approach can be inconsistent. If you intend to travel with your bike, check with the airline well in advance, preferably before you pay for your ticket.
Trains You will generally need to buy a ticket to transport your bike on a train to Denmark, and in peak times reserve a place for it.
Copenhagen is well connected to the rest of Europe by daily (or near daily) buses. Major Jutland cities also have links south via Aalborg and Aarhus.
Eurolines has closed its operations in Denmark, and the new bus-network operator is FlixBus (www.flixbus.dk), which has services throughout Europe (limited services into Norway and Sweden, however). Destinations, timetables and prices are all online. FlixBus has dynamic pricing, so it pays to book ahead, and the routes may use stops that are not the main bus stations, so check your options.
Car & Motorcycle
If you bring a vehicle that is registered in a non-EEC country to Denmark, you must take out a border insurance policy. These requirements are outlined on the website of the Danish Motor Insurers' Bureau (DFIM; www.dfim.dk).
- The E45 motorway is the main road link with Germany, although there are several smaller crossings. The E45 runs from the German border north through Jutland to Frederikshavn.
- Thanks to a bridge linking the Jutland peninsula to the island of Funen, and a toll bridge from Funen to Zealand, it’s possible to drive all the way from mainland Europe to Copenhagen (and on to Sweden).
- There are also car ferries to Danish islands from Germany.
Bridging the Gap
With the bridge-tunnel connection between Denmark and Sweden such a success, there are plans for a similar link between the German island of Fehmarn and the Danish island of Lolland. Planning is underway for a tunnel to close the 18km Fehmarn Belt, considerably shortening travel time between Hamburg and Copenhagen. Read about the project's progress at www.femern.com.
Unless you fancy a road trip through southern Sweden to cross the Øresund Bridge, car ferries are still the most efficient way to arrive from Norway.
The remarkable 16km Øresundsbroen (Øresund Bridge) joins Copenhagen with Malmö in Sweden, via the E20 motorway. It’s actually a combination of a tunnel beneath the sea, an artificial island (Peberholm) and a suspension bridge catering for cars and trains.
The Øresund Bridge's toll station is situated on the Swedish side. The toll for a regular car/motorcycle is 375/205kr; campervans and cars towing a caravan pay 750kr. You can pay by cash (at the yellow staffed stations, using Danish or Swedish currency or the euro), credit/pay cards (automatic stations) or via a 'BroPas' transponder affixed to your windscreen (for regular commuters). Tickets purchased in advance on the Øresundsbroen website are marginally cheaper; see www.oresundsbron.com for details.
You can also take a car ferry between Sweden and Denmark.
You could take the Channel Tunnel to the continent then make your way northeast through France, Belgium and Germany to Denmark.
- There are a growing number of long-distance ride-share and car-pooling websites and apps.
- To find a ride or passengers to share fuel costs within Europe, try www.blablacar.com, www.ridefinder.eu or www.gomore.com.
- Within Denmark, ride-sharing can be found at www.samkorsel.dk and www.gomore.dk.
DSB, the Danish national railway company, runs virtually all trains in Denmark and has a comprehensive website outlining timetables and fares.
Eurail and InterRail tickets are valid on the DSB.
- It may be hard to get your money’s worth on a rail pass if you’re travelling most of the time in tiny Denmark, although a pass may make sense if you’re visiting other countries as well.
- There’s a dizzying variety of passes, depending on where you reside and where you’re going to travel. Details about rail passes can be found at www.railpass.com or on websites for individual types of passes. And remember, if you buy a rail pass, read the small print.
- Note: prices depend on age and class of travel. There are cheaper rates for youths (12 to 27 years) and seniors (over 60), and passes for families (adults with kids aged four to 11).
- Supplements (eg for high-speed services, night trains, seat reservations) are not covered by passes.
InterRail passes (www.interrail.eu) are available only to European residents and can be purchased from most major train stations, from student travel outlets and online.
- Global Pass Covers 30 countries and comes in seven versions, from five days of travel within 15 days to a full month’s unlimited travel. Price for an adult travelling in 2nd class for 15 days within one month is €472.
- One-country pass Covers one country (eg Denmark) and is valid for three to eight days within a one-month period. The price for an adult travelling in 2nd class for eight days is €229.
Eurail passes (www.eurail.com) are for residents of non-European countries and can only be bought outside Europe. They are available from larger travel agencies and online. There are a variety of passes available, including the following:
- Global Pass Covers 28 European countries (not including the UK) and can be purchased for a range of durations, including 10 or 15 days within a two-month period, 15 or 22 consecutive days, or for one, two or three months. Prices vary; unlimited travel for one month costs adult/youth €940/613.
- One-country pass Covers only one country (eg Denmark) and is valid for three to eight days during a one-month period. Price for an adult travelling in 2nd class for four/eight days €162/260.
Other Eurail passes to consider include the Select Pass (covers two to four bordering countries) or a two-country regional pass (covering, say, Denmark and Sweden or Denmark and Germany).
You can create a DIY Scandi pass using a Select Pass and any combination of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark.
Ferry connections are possible between Denmark and Norway, Sweden, Germany, Poland (via Sweden), Iceland and the Faroe Islands.
Fares on these routes vary wildly, by season and by day of the week. The highest prices tend to occur on summer weekends and the lowest on winter weekdays. Discounts are often available, including for return tickets, car and passengers, holders of rail passes or student cards, and seniors. Child fares are usually half the adult fares.
If travelling in peak times, in particular if you are transporting a car, you should always make reservations well in advance – this is doubly true in summer and on weekends. Taking a bicycle incurs a small fee.
Faroe Islands & Iceland
Smyril Line (www.smyrilline.com) Sails from the Northern Jutland port of Hirtshals to Tórshavn, the capital of the Faroe Islands (36 hours, once weekly year-round, twice weekly in summer peak), and from Hirtshals to Seyðisfjörður (Iceland) via Tórshavn (48 hours, once weekly).
Bornholmslinjen (www.bornholmslinjen.com) Sails from Rønne (on Bornholm) to Sassnitz (3½ hours) four to five times weekly from April to October (daily in July and August). Departures are reduced significantly at other times of the year.
Scandlines (www.scandlines.dk) Sails from Rødbyhavn (on Lolland) to Puttgarden (45 minutes, every half-hour) and from Gedser (on Falster) to Rostock (1¾ to two hours, up to 10 daily).
Sylt Ferry (www.syltferry.com) Sails from Havneby (on west-coast Rømø) to the German island of Sylt (45 minutes, up to nine daily).
Color Line (www.colorline.com) Sails from Hirtshals to Kristiansand (3¼ hours, once or twice daily) and Larvik (3¾ hours, once or twice daily).
DFDS Seaways (www.dfdsseaways.com) Copenhagen to Oslo (17 hours, daily).
Fjordline (www.fjordline.com) Offers a fast catamaran service from Hirtshals to Kristiansand (2¼ hours, two or three services daily mid-April to mid-September). Also sails year-round from Hirtshals to Bergen via Stavanger (Stavanger 10½ hours, Bergen 16½ hours, once daily), and to Langesund (4½ hours, once daily).
Stena Line (www.stenaline.dk) Frederikshavn to Oslo (9¼ hours, six to seven weekly).
Polferries (www.polferries.com) connects Świnoujście with Ystad in southern Sweden (6½ to eight hours, two to three daily). From Ystad there is a free connecting shuttle-bus service to Copenhagen via the Øresund Bridge for foot passengers; those in cars receive a pass for passage across the bridge. From Ystad there are frequent ferries to Bornholm.
TT-Line (www.ttline.com) has a direct weekly ferry service in summer connecting Rønne (on Bornholm) and Świnoujście.
Bornholmslinjen (www.bornholmslinjen.dk) Rønne (Bornholm) to Ystad (80 minutes, up to eight times daily).
Scandlines (www.scandlines.dk) Helsingør to Helsingborg (20 minutes, up to four sailings an hour).
Stena Line (www.stenaline.dk) Sails from Frederikshavn to Gothenburg (3½ hours, up to six times daily) and from Grenaa to Varberg (4¼ to five hours, once or twice daily).