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Land

The country is integrated into the European road and rail network. Trains and buses are frequent to neighbouring countries, and road travel poses no unusual problems.

Border Crossings

The Czech Republic shares a border with Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia. All are members of the EU's Schengen Zone, and if entering by land (bus, car or train), there are no border stops or passport controls.

Bus

Several bus companies offer long-distance coach services connecting cities in the Czech Republic to cities around Europe. For travel to and from Prague, nearly all international buses (and most domestic services) use the city's renovated and user-friendly Florenc bus station.

Important international bus operators with extensive networks and ticket offices at the Florenc bus station include Flixbus, RegioJet and Eurolines.

The Florenc bus station website has a good timetable of buses, both foreign and domestic, arriving in and departing from the capital.

Car & Motorcycle

The Czech Republic has generally good roads, with some limited stretches of four-lane highway. The country is bordered on all sides by EU member states and there are no border or passport controls.

  • All drivers, if stopped by the police, must be prepared to show the vehicle's registration, proof of insurance (a 'green' card) and a valid driving licence.
  • Visiting foreigners, including EU nationals, are required to show a valid passport (or EU identity card).
  • Petrol stations are plentiful.
  • In lieu of paying highway tolls, all motorists are required to display a special prepaid sticker (dálniční známka) on car windscreens. Buy these at large petrol stations near the border or immediately after crossing the border. A sticker valid for 10 days costs 310Kč, for 30 days 440Kč, and for a year 1500Kč.

Hitching

Hitching is a popular way of moving from town to town, where hitchers, often students, line up on the main road just beyond the town or city limits and display a sign with their destination to hail a ride. That said, hitching is never entirely safe, and we don’t recommend it. Travellers who hitch should understand that they are taking a small but potentially serious risk.

Train

The Czech national railway, České dráhy (ČD; www.cd.cz) forms part of the European rail grid, and there are decent connections to neighbouring countries. Frequent international trains connect German cities like Berlin and Dresden with Prague. From here, fast trains head southeast to Brno, with excellent onward service to points in Austria, Slovakia and Hungary. The German Rail (www.bahn.de) website has a handy international train timetable.

In addition to ČD, two private railways operate in the Czech Republic and service international destinations.

  • RegioJet Train service to select destinations in the Czech Republic, with onward service to Slovakia. Identified as 'RJ' on timetables.

  • LEO Express Train service to select destinations in the Czech Republic, with onward coach service to destinations in Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine. Identified as 'LEO' on timetables.