Several bus companies offer long-distance coach services connecting Prague to cities around Europe. Nearly all international buses (and most domestic services) use the renovated and user-friendly Florenc bus station.
Important international bus operators with extensive networks and ticket offices at Florenc bus station include the following:
Prague lies at the nexus of several European four-lane highways and is a relatively easy drive from major regional cities, including Munich (four hours), Berlin (four hours), Nuremberg (three hours). Vienna (four hours) and Budapest (five hours).
Parking in Prague is tight and in several districts, including the centre, mostly off limits to nonresidents. In areas with restricted parking, a blue marking on the street indicates only residents may park there. A white line allows for metered, paid parking. Meter fees in the centre are 40Kč per hour. In outlying areas, you're generally allowed to park where you want, but finding an available space is tough.
A better alternative is to use the ‘Park & Ride’ (P&R) spaces near metro stations on the outskirts. The best of these include Skalka (metro line A); Zličín, Nové Butovice, Palmovka, Rajská Zahrada and Černý Most (line B); and Nádraží Holešovice, Ladví and Opatov (line C).
The fine for illegal parking is normally a clamp on the car wheel or (worse) having the car towed to a police parking compound. Figure on a couple of hours of bureaucracy and fines and fees of about 3000Kč.
50kph (30 mph) in towns and cities
90kph (56 mph) on the open road
130kph (78 mph) on expressways
Prague is well integrated into European rail networks. Train travel makes the most sense if travelling to/from Berlin and Dresden to the north or Vienna, Kraków, Bratislava and Budapest to the east and south. Most domestic and all international trains arrive at Praha hlavní nádraží, Prague's main station.
Most services are operated by the Czech state rail operator, České dráhy, though two private rail companies, Leo Express and RegioJet, compete with České dráhy on some popular lines, including travel to/from the Moravian cities Olomouc and Ostrava and points east. These companies can sometimes be cheaper and faster. Leo Express trains are identified as 'LEO' on timetables; RegioJet trains are 'RJ'.
Prague's main station, Praha hlavní nádraží, is located in the centre of the city and a short walk away from Wenceslas Square. It's served by metro line C (red) at stop Hlavní Nádraží, and several tram lines (5, 9, 15 and 26).
České Dráhy ticket counters are located on the lower level of Praha hlavní nádraží (Prague's main station). Buy tickets here for trains operated by the national rail carrier, České dráhy. Counters are divided into vnitrostátní jízdenky (domestic tickets) and mezínárodní jizdenky (international tickets), so make sure you're standing in the right line. The windows also sell seat reservations. Credit cards are accepted.
Buy tickets for RegioJet and Leo Express trains at separate offices located in the main train station.
Although most staff at the international ticket counters in Prague’s main train station (Praha hlavní nádraží) speak English, those selling domestic tickets may not. In order to speed up the process of buying a ticket, and to avoid misunderstandings, it’s often easier to write down what you want on a piece of paper and hand it to the clerk (this works for bus tickets too).
Write it down like this:
z departure station, eg PRAHA
do destination station, eg KARLŠTEJN
čas departure time, using 24-hour clock
datum date, eg for 2.30pm on 20 May, write ‘14.30h. 20.05’. Or just dnes (today).
osoby number of passengers
jednosměrný (one way) or zpáteční (return)
If you’re making a reservation on an EC (international) or IC (domestic) train, you may also want to specify 1. třídá or 2. třídá (1st or 2nd class), and whether you want an okno (window) or chodba (aisle) seat.