A total of 46 Fujian tulou sites were inscribed in 2008 by UNESCO as World Heritage Site, as "exceptional examples of a building tradition and function exemplifying a particular type of communal living and defensive organization in a harmonious relationship with their environment". Today you will vist some Tulou Clusters in HongKeng area.
You will be picked up from your hotel in Xiamen at 8:30AM. You will be driven to Yongding county which approximately takes 3 hours. You will visit Zhenchenglou Tulou Cluster in Hong Keng. You can also visit Hakka families within the villages.
Zhenchenglou ClusterInscribed as UNESCO World Heritage 1113-002. It was built in 1912 by the descendents of a rich tobacco merchant. Zhenchenglou is a double ring tulou, its outer ring is four storeys high, total 184 rooms, the inner ring is two storeys with 32 rooms. The outer ring was partitioned into four segments according to Bagua concept of Chinese Fengshui.
Fuyulou ClusterIt is located in a traditional 130 years old Hakka architecture of Fuyulou Cluster, originally 160 rooms. Only 20 rooms are renovated and open to public.
The Hakka were originally immigrants from northern China who settled in the southern provinces. From the 17th century onwards, population pressures drove them more and more into conflict with their neighbours. As rivalry for resources turned to armed warfare, the Hakka began building communal living structures designed to be easily defensible. These Tulou Clusters, were often round in shape and internally divided into many compartments for food storage, living quarters, ancestral temple, armoury etc.
Option 1: Same day return
Leave Hongkeng at about 16:00. Back to your hotel in Xiamen at 19:00.
Option 2: Next day return
Tonight you will stay in a family inn built in the traditional cluster of Fuyulou. The rooms are clean and tidy. The cluster is quite near the famous Zhenchenglou Cluster. After the crowd of tourists leaves, you will find out the life in cluster keep the same way as hundreds of years ago. The owner of this Tulou cluster offers simple facilities of bed and breakfast. Your tour guide and driver will stay overnight and take you back to Xiamen next day.