Purang (སྤུ་ཧྲེང, 普兰, Pǔlán in Chinese, Taklakot in Nepali) is a large trading centre comprising a number of distinct settlements separated by the Humla Karnali River, known in Tibetan as Mabja Tsangpo (Peacock River). Nepali traders come from the Humla and Darchula regions in the extreme west of Nepal to trade a variety of goods, including rice, once carried up from Nepal in huge trains of goods-carrying goats. Indian consumer goods and Nepali rice are traded for Tibetan salt and wool. A huge new modern trading complex is under construction near the original Darchula Bazaar.
Purang is also the arrival point for the annual influx of Hindu pilgrims from India, intent on making a parikrama (the Hindu equivalent of a kora) of Mt Kailash, which devout Hindus consider the abode of Shiva. A trickle of foreign trekkers arrives here en route from the Humla region of Nepal.