Over the last decade the capital has made its toilets less of an assault course of foul smells and primitive appliances, but many remain pungent. Make a beeline for fast-food outlets, top-end hotels and department stores for more hygienic alternatives.
Toilet paper is rarely provided in street-side public toilets so keep a stash with you.
Toilets are often squat versions, although most public toilets will have one sit-down toilet for disabled users (and inflexible Westerners).
As a general rule, if you see a wastebasket next to the toilet, that’s where you should throw the toilet paper.
The symbol for men is 男 (nán) and women is 女 (nǚ).