History

A reserve of some description was first proposed back in the 1980s in recognition of the region's intact forest and riverine ecosystems. Despite significant opposition, a decree was finally issued on June 5, 2018, granting status as an 'extractive reserve' (reserva extratavista, or RESEX). First imagined by Chico Mendes, extractive reserves allow locals to live inside the protected area and take what they need for subsistence, but not for commercial purposes. No more than 500 people live inside the reserve's boundaries.