Established in 1937, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia is Brazil’s oldest national park, and one of its most ruggedly beautiful. Its lush, dark foliage contains more than 400 species of native bird and is also home to monkeys and sloths. Divided into upper and lower sections, the park features lakes, rivers, waterfalls, alpine meadows and primary and secondary Atlantic rainforests.

Don’t let the tropical plants fool you; temperatures in the high country drop below freezing in June and, occasionally, the park even has a few snowy days! Bring warm clothes, even in summer.