The fatter, northern half of the island is a no-go ecological preserve. The hillier southern portion is the locale of three small villages: Nova Brasília and Praia do Farol near the isthmus, and Encantadas at the far southern tip. Ilha do Mel's easternmost point is marked by its landmark lighthouse sitting atop a morro (hill) 2km and 750m east of Nova Brasília and Praia do Farol, respectively. Another smaller settlement, Encantadas, at the southern end of the island, is the closest point to the mainland. A 6km trail on the east coast links the two towns, traversing a series of undeveloped beaches including Praia da Fora, Praia do Miguel and Praia Grande.