‘Corumbaly’ (old Corumbá) is a gracefully aging river-port city close to the Bolivian border. Known as Cidade Branca (White City), it is 403km northwest of Campo Grande by road. The city sits atop a steep hill overlooking the Rio Paraguai; on the far side of the river, a huge expanse of the Pantanal stretches out on the horizon. Divided into two parts, the upper city contains most of the commerce, and the lower city is the characterful old port area.
Founded in 1776 by Captain Luis de Albuquerque, by 1840 it had become the biggest river port in the world. The impressive, brightly painted buildings along the waterfront reflect the wealth that passed through the town in the 19th century before Corumbá went into decline with the coming of the railway.