As part of the Schengen group of countries, there are no passport checks on any of Belgium's land borders. If you fly in or arrive by ferry from the UK, passports (and visas, if required) need to be shown, but there is rarely any great delay if all paperwork is in order.
For goods purchased outside the EU, the following duty-free allowances apply:
- tobacco 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 250g of loose tobacco
- alcohol 1L of spirits (more than 22% alcohol by volume) or 2L light liquor (less than 22% abv); 4L of wine; 16L of beer
- perfume 50g of perfume and 0.25L of eau de toilette
Crossing an EU border, you can carry unlimited quantities as long as it's for personal use: expect questions if you are found to be carrying more than 800 cigarettes, 200 cigars or 1kg of loose tobacco; 10L of spirits, 20L of fortified wine or aperitif, 90L of wine or 110L of beer.
EU citizens can stay indefinitely; many other nationals can enter visa-free for up to 90 days.
A valid passport or EU identity card is required to enter. Most Western nationals don’t need a tourist visa for stays of less than three months. South Africans, Indians and Chinese, however, are among those who need a Schengen visa. Australian and New Zealand citizens aged between 18 and 30 can apply for a 12-month working-holiday visa under a reciprocal agreement. For more information and details of Belgian embassies/consulates see http://diplomatie.belgium.be.