While the twinned towns of Mittagong and Bowral are separate entities (as locals would be keen to declare), they're so inextricably intertwined that it makes sense to look at them as a pair. Together they form the heart of the delightful Southern Highlands.
Mittagong is the smaller of the two, 5km to the north, and has a more down-to-earth vibe. Big brother Bowral has a loftier, classier feel, with some top-notch restaurants, stately heritage homes and luxury accommodation.
With a wealth of European history dating back to the 1820s, an overnight or weekend visit to these lovely, romantic towns is highly recommended. Earlier history records the Southern Highlands area as the traditional homeland of the Gundangara people.