Welcome to Bourke
This region is the traditional land of the Ngemba and Barkindji peoples. In the 1940s the arrival of displaced Aboriginal peoples from other parts of the outback – including the Wangkumara from Tibooburra – significantly increased Bourke's Indigenous population.
In recent decades the Bourke region had one of Australia's highest Indigenous incarceration rates, but since 2015 a groundbreaking Aboriginal community-led justice program called Maranguka has led to greater empowerment of the local Indigenous population. The success of Maranguka is now being seen as a model for other Indigenous communities throughout Australia.