Oldest human fossil discovered in Ethiopia

The Afar region, Ethiopia.

The Afar region, Ethiopia. Image by Rod Waddington / CC BY-SA 2.0

The oldest human remains ever discovered have been found on a hillside in Ethiopia. The jaw bone, which contained five teeth, was spotted poking out of a rocky slope in the arid Afar region some 250 miles from the capital Addis Ababa. The US-led research team who made the discovery believe the individual lived about 2.8 million years ago, which is 400,000 years older than the fossils that had previously held the record as the earliest known specimens of the Homo lineage. The environment during that time would have been much different than that visible today – then the region would have been verdant grasslands and shrubs fed by rivers and wetlands. Read more: theguardian.com

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