Gyumri is the second largest city of Armenia, situated around 126 kilometres away from the capital city of Yerevan. Marmashen Monastery is a 10th-century Armenian monastic complex consisting of five churches.
By the end of the 19th century, the city was known as Alexandropol, then it was renamed to Leninakan during the Soviet period. Gyumri is known for its 19th-century architecture and urban constructions. Gyumri historic town center is quite walkable and fun to explore. During the tour, you can walk around the center, visit nearby monasteries and churches, museums such as Dzitoxtsonts Tun - museum of National Architecture and Urban Life of Gyumri. The most visited churches here are Church of the Holy Saviour or Surp Amenaprkich, Seven Wounds of the Holy Mother of God, Russian church, Surp Nshan or Holy Sign Church. The next stop will be 10-th century Marmashen Moanstery. The complex includes several churches. The biggist one is the Katoghike Church which has an umbrella shaped cupola. The cupola makes a dramatically beautiful decorative effect. Huge stones, some of which reach up to two meters high, have been used in the construction of the church.