Neighbourhood sights in Cardiff (Caerdydd)
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Lined with important national institutions, Cardiff Bay is where the modern Welsh nation is put on display in an architect's playground of interesting buildings, large open spaces and public art. It wasn't always this way. By 1913 more than 13 million tonnes of coal was being shipped from Cardiff's docks. Following the post-WWI slump the docklands deteriorated into a wasteland of empty basins, cut off from the city by the railway embankment. The bay outside the docks – which has one of the highest tidal ranges in the world (more than 12m between high and low water) – was ringed for up to 14 hours a day by smelly, sewage-contaminated mudflats.
Since 1987 the area has…
Victorian Butetown, spanning out from Mount Stuart Sq, just northwest of the waterfront, was the heart of Cardiff's coal trade – a multiethnic community that propelled the city to world fame. The old Coal Exchange was the place where international coal prices were set. It was here in March 1908 that a coal merchant wrote the world's first-ever £1 million cheque. It now houses an arts and performance venue.