Architectural, Cultural sights in Cardiff (Caerdydd)
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Mount Stuart Square is the heart of Victorian Butetown, once the residential district that housed the dock workers. The old Coal Exchange was once the nerve centre of the Welsh coal trade, and for a time the place where international coal prices were set - it was here in March 1908 that a coal merchant wrote the world's first-ever around £1 million-pound cheque. The Exchange now houses a vibrant arts and performance venue.
The Pierhead Building is one of the area's few Victorian survivors, a red-brick French-Gothic Renaissance confection built with Bute family money for the Cardiff Municipal Railway Co to impress the maritime traffic; the architect was a pupil of William Burges (who designed Cardiff Castle and Castell Coch). It now houses the National Assembly Visitor Centre.