Clapped-out state buses are fast disappearing from Uzbek roads, undercut by a boom in private buses that do not keep schedules and leave when full. They are newer and more comfortable, but can be slow as drivers and touts are preoccupied with overselling seats and transporting cargo and contraband.
Marshrutkas usually take the form of 11- to 14-seat Russian-made ‘Gazelle’ vans, or seven-seat Daewoo Damas minivans.
Shared taxis save tons of time but are, of course, more costly than buses. They ply all the main intercity routes and also congregate at most border points. They leave when full from set locations – usually from near bus stations – and run all day and often through the night. Prices fluctuate throughout the day/week/month/year, increasing towards the evening, on weekends and on holidays. You can buy all four seats in a shared taxi if you're in a hurry or just prefer to travel in comfort – this is the standard way most travellers with a midrange budget get around in Uzbekistan as prices remain low.