Ukrainian cities are navigable by trolleybus, tram, bus and (in Kyiv, Kharkiv and Dnipropetrovsk) metro. Urban public-transport systems are usually overworked and overcrowded. There's no room for being shy or squeamish – learn to assert yourself quickly.
- A ticket (kvytok or bilyet) for one ride by bus/tram/trolleybus costs 1uah to 3uah.
- There are no return, transfer, timed or day tickets available anywhere.
- It's always simplest to pay the driver or conductor.
- Tickets have to be punched on board (or ripped by the conductor).
- Unclipped or untorn tickets warrant an on-the-spot fine should you be caught.
- For the metros you need a plastic token (zheton), sold at the counters inside the stations for 2uah to 3uah.
- Metros run from around 5.30am to midnight.
- A metro station can have several names – one for each different line that passes through it.
Travelling by taxi anywhere in the ex-USSR can be a decidedly unenjoyable experience for foreigners, so if there's a bus or tram going to your destination, take it.
- If possible, have your hostel or hotel call a cab for you – they generally use trustworthy companies with set fares.
- Always try to call for a taxi. Some companies now send a text message to confirm the booking, exact fare, and make and colour of the car.
- Avoid taxis that tout for business outside airports and stations as these operators are very likely to rip off foreigners (and Ukrainians).
- Calculate the approximate fare between two towns by multiplying the distance in kilometres by two or two and a half.
- Make sure the fare quoted by taxi drivers is the fare to the final destination and not per kilometre (a common scam).
- Never travel in a cab that already has passengers in it.