Kars Castle

sights / Military

Kars Castle information

Kars , Turkey
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Records show that Saltuk Turks built a fortress on this hill above a bend in the Kars River in 1153. It was demolished by the Central Asian conqueror Tamerlane (Timur) in 1386 and rebuilt several times over the following centuries. Inside are a Janissary barracks, arsenal, small mosque, the tomb of Celal Baba who died in a Mongol attack in 1239, and a cafe.

The kale (fortress) was the scene of bitter fighting during and after WWI. When the Russians withdrew in 1920, Kars was left in control of Armenian forces, until Turkish republicans took the castle.