The Ulu Cami, built in 1179 by Erzurum's Saltuk Turkish emir, is restrained but elegant. Seven aisles run north–south and six run...
Çifte Minareli Medrese
The Seljuk-style Çifte Minareli Medrese, dating from the second half of the 13th century, is for most people Erzurum's most splendid...
This small Ottoman mosque was constructed in 1645.
Daşhane Saklı Konak
Set in an old Russian house on a lane behind its parent establishment Erzurum Evleri restaurant, the 'Hidden Mansion' has an intimate...
This cluster of three-centuries-old houses has been restored as an atmospheric restaurant-cafe. A warren of small rooms and alcoves are...
For Erzurum's best views, head up to the citadel. It was originally erected by a general of Byzantine emperor Theodosius in the 5th century, perhaps on the site of an earlier Urartu fortification, and subsequently damaged and repaired numerous times. Inside are a mosque and a brick minaret constructed by the Saltuk Turks in the 12th century. The minaret has also been a clock tower since the 19th century: spiral stairs and a step ladder climb up inside for panoramic vistas.