Getting there & away
Minibuses (€0.70) rattle between the otogar and the palace, but there’s no fixed schedule – they leave when they are full; otherwise a taxi driver will want about €12 for a return trip, waiting time included. Walking back down is pleasant, although women in particular might feel rather isolated.
Minibuses (€2) to the Iranian border (Gürbulak) leave from near the junction of Ağrı and Rıfkı Başkaya Caddesis, just past the petrol ofisi (petrol station), approximately every hour. The last one departs around 5pm.
There are no buses to Van, only minibuses that leave at approximately 7.30am, 9am, noon and 2pm daily (€6, 2½ hours, 185km). Getting to Kars, you’ll have to catch a minibus to Iğdır (every hour, €2, 45 minutes, 51km) and change there. From Iğdır to Kars should cost €6.
Go to the main otogar (bus station) for services to other long-distance destinations; often you’ll have to travel via Erzurum (€9, four hours, 285km). There are two daily buses to Ankara (€23, 17 hours, 1210km).