Citadel sights in Central Anatolia
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Perched precariously atop rocky Mt Harşena, the kale offers magnificent views down the valley. The remnants of the walls date from Pontic times, perhaps around King Mithridates' reign, but a fort stood here from the early Bronze Age. Destroyed and repaired by several empires, it had eight defensive layers descending 300m to the Yeşilırmak River, and a tunnel with 150 steps cut into the mountain.
Although the kale is popular with families, travellers of either sex are advised not to go up unaccompanied later in the day. To reach the castle turn left when you get to the Büyük Ağa Medresesi and follow the road for about 1km to a street on the left marked 'Kale'. It's…