Ancient Ephesus was a great trading city and a centre for the cult of Cybele, the Anatolian fertility goddess. Under the influence of...
This street, paved with marble slabs slightly raised to aid drainage, formed part of the Sacred Way linking the city centre with the...
This 110-sq-metre one-time market had a massive colonnade. The shops in the colonnades traded in food and textiles; the agora's...
Great Theatre information
Originally built under Hellenistic King Lysimachus, the Great Theatre was reconstructed by the Romans between AD 41 and 117 and it is thought St Paul preached here. However, they incorporated original design elements, including the ingenious shape of the cavea (seating area), part of which was under cover. Seating rows are pitched slightly steeper as they ascend, meaning that upper-row spectators still enjoyed good views and acoustics – useful, considering that the theatre could hold an estimated 25,000 people.
Indeed, Ephesus' estimated peak population (250,000) is supported by the archaeologists' method of estimation: simply multiply theatre capacity by 10. Although rock concerts stopped taking place here in the 1990s, the theatre is still used for other events and has a seating capacity of 8000.