Introducing The Western Ghats
The Western Ghats stretch out like a mountainous spine for around 1400km from the north of Mumbai, across Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala, before petering out at the southernmost tip of Tamil Nadu. The hills (with an average elevation of 915m) are covered with evergreen and deciduous forest, and are the source of all the major rivers in South India. They also form a diverse biological and ecological haven with 27% of all India’s flowering plants, 60% of all medicinal plants and an incredible array of endemic wildlife, along with several tribal groups whose traditional lifestyle is fast being eroded.
For travellers these mountain areas mean opportunities to trek and see wildlife, and to hang out in Tamil Nadu’s climatically cool hill stations of Ooty and Kodaikanal.
Last updated: Feb 17, 2009