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The Donghak rebellion, led by Chon Pong-jun, took place mainly in Jeollabuk-do in 1893 when a raggle-taggle force of peasants and slaves, armed with various homemade weapons, seized Jeonju fortress and defeated King Gojong’s army, before being destroyed by Japanese forces. Their demands included the freeing of slaves, better treatment of the chonmin or low-born, the redistribution of land, the abolition of taxes on fish and salt, and the punishment of corrupt government officials.