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Gyeonggi-do’s history is rife with pilgrimages, plundering, plots and plans, infiltrations, defeats and surrenders. Its nearby islands and many coves have been used repeatedly to gain access to Seoul or defend against attacks from China, Japan, France and the United States. Its current border with North Korea makes it a front line for this war (technically, a formal peace treaty ending the Korean War was never signed), and even today tunnel-detection teams operate in hopes of fending off North Korean incursions.