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Madain Saleh


Madain Saleh (Mada’in Salih) was the Nabataeans’ second city and stood at the midpoint of the caravan route between Mecca and Petra. When Petra was, after a period of Nabataean autonomy, finally taken by the Romans in AD 106, Madain Saleh fell into a decline from which it never recovered.

The Romans later reoriented trade away from the Arabian interior, instead preferring the ports of the Red Sea. In later centuries the pilgrim road from Damascus to Mecca passed through Madain Saleh.