There used to be ferries on Lake Kivu that connected the Rwandan ports of Cyangugu, Kibuye and Gisenyi, but these services were suspended at the time of research. Speedboat charters are currently the only option between these ports, but they are very expensive.
Rwanda has a good road system, and plenty of modern, well-maintained minibuses serve all the main routes from dawn ‘til dusk. Minibuses leave when officially full – which means when all the seats are occupied, unlike neighbouring countries where many more are squeezed in.
The best minibuses are privately run, scheduled services operated by Okapi Car, Trans Express 2000, Atraco Express and Virunga Ponctuel. Destinations covered include Butare, Gisenyi, Kibuye and Ruhengeri, and departures are guaranteed to leave – hourly in many cases. They are less crowded and drive more carefully than the usual minibuses, but cost a little more.
Cars are suitable for most of the country’s main roads, but those planning to explore Akagera or follow the shores of Lake Kivu might be better off with a 4WD.
Car hire isn’t well established in Rwanda, but most travel agents and tour operators in Kigali can organise something from RFr25, 000 per day for a small car and up.
Taxis are necessary only in Kigali, but it is possible to find the occasional taxi in most other major towns. In Kigali and other larger towns, you can use a taxi-motor – a motorcycle that doubles as a two-wheeled taxi.