go to content go to search box go to global site navigation

Russian Caucasus


The Caucasus has stood at the crossroads of Mediterranean, Central Asian, West Asian and Eastern European cultures since the Bronze Age. The result is an extraordinary mix of races with three main linguistic groups: Caucasian, Indo-European and Turkic. Most people are either Orthodox Christians or Muslims. The Caucasus has suffered many invasions and occupations, having been squeezed between rival Roman, Byzantine, Persian, Arab, Ottoman and Russian empires.