'Southern' Bucovina is located in Romania's very north – testimony to a long history of division. In 1775, the Austro-Hungarian Empire annexed Moldavia, keeping it until 1918, when Bucovina was returned to Romania. However, the Soviets annexed Northern Bucovina in 1940, incorporating it into the Ukraine.
Situated at 621m, placid Câmpulung Moldovenesc dates from the 14th-century. It's known for logging, fairs and outdoor sports – particularly cross-country and downhill skiing in winter (a short 800m ski slope employs a chairlift) and its annual winter sports festival occurs on the last Sunday in January. Hotels and guesthouses abound.