Historical Crişana and Banat are today divided between western Romania, eastern Hungary and northern Yugoslavia. First settled in the 6th century BC, by AD 106 the region was part of the Roman province of Dacia. From the end of the 9th century until the Ottoman conquest of Crişana and Banat in 1552 the region was under Hungarian rule.
In 1699 the Turks relinquished Hungary to Austria but held Crişana and Banat until their defeat by Habsburg prince Eugene of Savoy in 1716. In 1718 Crişana and Banat became part of the Austro-Hungarian empire.