Fortress sights in Poland
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The remains of the Nysa Fortress, an enormous citadel built by Prussian King Frederic II, is the site of the annual Nysa Fortress Days held for three days in late July/early August.
Continuing north of the New Town you'll soon see the Citadel, a massive 19th-century fortress overlooking the Vistula. Built by the Russian tsar to intimidate Warsaw following the November Insurrection of 1830, it served as a notorious political prison for years and nowadays is used by the military. The huge gate overlooking the river is known as Brama Straceń (Gate of Execution; M056E), a spot where political prisoners were executed all too frequently after the 1863 uprising.
From the gate, a short cobbled road leads to the Muzeum Pawilon-X, which preserves a wing of the old political prison.