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North Luzon

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Language

There are myriad languages spoken in North Luzon, with dozens of dialects heard in the Cordillera alone. The language jumble is most confusing in Kalinga, where just about every village has its own dialect. In the Cordillera, people are more likely to understand Ilocano or even English than the country's national language, Filipino.

In the lowlands, the principal dialects are Filipino and Ilocano, which is the predominant language not only in Ilocos but also in Cagayan, Isabela and La Union. Other common dialects include Pangasinan, common in the Lingayen Gulf area, and Sambal, the language of the Zambales people.

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