The Namibian coastal waters are considered some of the world’s richest, mainly thanks to the cold Benguela Current, which flows northwards from the Antarctic. It’s exceptionally rich in plankton, which accounts for the abundance of anchovies, pilchards, mackerels and other whitefish. But the limited offshore fishing rights have caused problems, and there is resentment that such countries as Spain and Russian have legal access to offshore fish stocks. Namibia has now declared a 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone to make Namibian fisheries competitive.
Game fishing is also big business along the coast, especially in Swakopmund. The most prized trophy is the kabeljou, which can grow up to 2m in length.