Despite the potential dangers, hitching is often the only transport option in rural areas. Modest payment is expected.
You will need a South African or international drivers license (as well as your home country license) to drive in Mozambique, plus the vehicle-registration papers, a temporary import permit (available at most borders), and third-party insurance. Driving on the beach and driving without a seat belt are both illegal. While main roads in the south are fine with a 2WD, you will need a 4WD for most other areas. Unleaded fuel is generally available in major towns.
Machibombos (buses) are the best option for getting around on main routes. Elsewhere, overcrowded, wildly-careening chapas (minibuses) connect smaller towns daily. Always take a bus if there’s a choice.
The main companies are the ageing Transportes Oliveiras in the south, and the much better Grupo Mecula in the north. ‘Express’ services are slightly more expensive, but faster and more comfortable.
All transport leaves early (between 3am and 6am), and often on time.
Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique (LAM; 21-468000; www.lam.co.mz; email@example.com) links Maputo with Inhambane, Vilankulo, Beira, Chimoio, Quelimane, Tete, Nampula, Lichinga and Pemba. For discounts, ask for advance purchase ‘Jacto Popular’ fares.
Air Corridor (21-311582; 26-213333; firstname.lastname@example.org) does a daily run along the coast, stopping at Maputo, Beira, Quelimane, Nampula and Pemba. Serviço Aéreo Regional (SAR; 26-212401; email@example.com) flies twice weekly between Nampula and Cuamba. TTA (21-465484) flies daily between Vilankulo and the Bazaruto Archipelago with Pelican Air Services.