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Older locals will confirm that at the beginning of the 20th century, this was literally ‘just a mud hole.’ At the end of WWI the town had fewer than 1000 inhabitants, but prohibition drove US tourists here for booze, gambling, brothels, boxing and cockfights, causing Tijuana’s population to balloon to 180, 000 by 1960. With continued growth has come severe social and environmental problems. On a positive note, a large middle class is on the rise, bringing greater stability and safety. Tourists need to be wary of thefts of opportunity, but they are rarely the targets of violent crime.