Museum sights in Lithuania
Some of the darkest moments of Lithuania's brutal history occurred here. The Ninth Fort was built on Kaunas' northwestern outskirts in the late 19th century to fortify the western frontier of the tsarist empire. During WWII the Nazis made it a death camp where some 80,000 people were butchered. Later Stalin's henchmen used it as a prison and execution site.
The museum has exhibits on the Nazi horrors against Jews, and also includes material on Soviet atrocities against Lithuanians.
Island Castle - Collection of Religious Art The centrepiece of Trakai is its picture-postcard Island Castle atop an island on Lake Galvė. The painstakingly restored red-brick Gothic castle probably dates from around 1400, when Vytautas needed stronger defences than the peninsula castle afforded.
A footbridge links it to the shore and a moat separates the triangular outer courtyard moat from the main tower with its cavernous central court and a range of galleries, halls and rooms. The castle's prominence as a holy site is reflected in its collection of religious art.