No jabs are required to travel to Italy. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that all travellers should be covered for diphtheria, tetanus, measles, mumps, rubella and polio, as well as hepatitis B.
Pharmacists can give you valuable advice and sell over-the-counter medication for minor illnesses. They can also advise you when more specialised help is required and point you in the right direction.
Pharmacies generally keep the same hours as other shops, closing at night and on Sundays. However, in big cities a handful remain open on a rotation basis (farmacie di turno) for emergency purposes. These are listed online at www.miniportale.it/miniportale/farmacie/Toscana.htm. You can also check the door of any pharmacy that is closed for business – it will display a list of the nearest emergency pharmacies.
If you need an ambulance, call 118. For emergency treatment, head straight to the pronto soccorso (casualty) section of a public hospital, where you can also get emergency dental treatment.