Þingvellir National Park
Þingvellir National Park information
Þingvellir National Park, 23km east of Reykjavík, is Iceland’s most important historical site. The Vikings established the world’s first democratic parliament, the Alþingi (pronounced ál-thingk-ee, also called Alþing), here in AD 930. The meetings were conducted outdoors, and as with many saga sites, there are only the stone foundations of ancient encampments . The site has a superb natural setting, in an immense, fissured rift valley , caused by the meeting of the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates, with rivers and waterfalls.
The country’s first national park, this vividly beautiful area was made a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2004.