Þingvellir National Park

sights / Parks & gardens

Þingvellir National Park information

The Golden Circle , Iceland
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Þingvellir National Park, 23km east of Reykjavík, is Iceland’s most important historical site. The Vikings established the world’s first democratic parliament, the Alþingi (pronounced ál-thingk-ee, also called Alþing), here in AD 930. The meetings were conducted outdoors, and as with many saga sites, there are only the stone foundations of ancient encampments . The site has a superb natural setting, in an immense, fissured rift valley , caused by the meeting of the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates, with rivers and waterfalls.

The country’s first national park, this vividly beautiful area was made a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2004.