Choluteca, capital of the department of the same name, lies near Río Choluteca, the same river that runs through Tegucigalpa. It’s the largest town in southern Honduras, and the fourth largest in the country. Which is not to say there’s a whole lot to do here; it’s principally a commercial center for the agricultural region and a stopping-off point between the borders. The hills west of town were once rich with gold and other metals, and small towns grew up around the mines. Today the mining has declined, but communities remain, struggling economically but cool and charming nonetheless. Choluteca’s annual festival day is December 8.