Karl-Marx-Allee

Karl-Marx-Allee information

Berlin , Germany
Getting there
subway Strausberger Platz, Weberwiese, Frankfurter Tor
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Lonely Planet review

It’s easy to feel like Gulliver in the Land of Brobdingnag when walking down monumental Karl-Marx-Allee, one of Berlin's most impressive GDR-era relics. Built between 1952 and 1960, the 90m-wide boulevard runs for 2.3km between Alexanderplatz and Frankfurter Tor and is a fabulous showcase of East German architecture. A considerable source of national pride back then, it provided modern flats for thousands of people and served as a backdrop for military parades.

Until the early 1970s, this was also the 'Ku'damm of the East', lined with shops, cafes, restaurants and the glamorous Kino Kosmos. Living here was a privilege and, in fact, for a long time there was no better standard of living in East Germany. Flats featured such luxuries as central heating, lifts (elevators), tiled baths and built-in kitchens; facades were swathed in Meissen tiles.

Some of the finest East German architects of the day (Hartmann, Henselmann, Hopp, Leucht, Paulick and Souradny) collaborated on KMA's construction, looking to Moscow for inspiration. That's where Stalin favoured a style that was essentially a socialist reinterpretation of good old-fashioned neoclassicism. In East Berlin, Prussian building master Karl Friedrich Schinkel would be the stylistic godfather, not Walter Gropius and the boxy modernist aesthetic embraced in the West.

Now protected as a historic monument, KMA is undergoing a moderate renaissance with bars and businesses infusing some life into this huge concrete canyon. For visitors, though, its greater importance lies in being a unique architectural showcase.