Memorium Nuremberg Trials
Good for: history buffs
Lonely Planet review for Memorium Nuremberg Trials
Nazis were tried in 1945 to 1946 for crimes against peace and humanity in Schwurgerichtssaal 600 (Court Room 600) of what is still Nuremberg's regional courthouse. These became known as the Nuremberg Trials, and were held by the Allies in the city for obvious symbolic reasons. Another factor in their choice of venue was that there was (and still is) a secure underground tunnel between the courthouse and adjacent prison (though today it only has female prisoners).
The initial and most famous trial, conducted by international prosecutors, saw 24 people accused, of whom 19 were convicted and sentenced. Following trials also resulted in the conviction, sentencing and execution of Nazi leaders and underlings until 1949. Hermann Göring, the Reich’s field marshall, cheated the hangman by taking a cyanide capsule in his cell hours before his scheduled execution.
In addition to viewing the courtroom (if not in use), a new exhibition provides comprehensive background to the trials and their significance to the world today.
To get here, take the U1 towards Bärenschanze (get off at Sielstrasse). It's about 2km from the centre of the Altstadt.