Brittany’s earliest known Neolithic tribes left a legacy of menhirs and dolmens. Celts arrived in the 6th century BC, naming their new homeland ‘Armor’ (the land beside the sea). Conquered by Julius Caesar in 56 BC, the Romans withdrew in the 5th century AD, and Celts driven from what is now Britain and Ireland by the Anglo-Saxon invasions settled in Brittany, bringing Christianity.
In the 9th century, Brittany’s national hero Nominoë revolted against French rule. But, sandwiched between two more powerful kingdoms, the duchy of Brittany was contested by France and England until, after a series of strategic royal weddings, the region became part of France in 1532.
Brittany has retained a separate regional identity. Now there’s a drive for cultural and linguistic renewal – and a consciousness of Brittany’s place within a wider Celtic culture embracing Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Cornwall and Galicia in Spain, with all of which ties have been established.