Horse Guards Parade
In a more accessible version of Buckingham Palace’s Changing of the Guard, the mounted troops of the Household Cavalry change guard here...
No 10 Downing Street
The official office of British leaders since 1732, when George II presented No 10 to Robert Walpole, this has also been the Prime...
The Cenotaph (from the Greek kenos taphos for ‘empty tomb’), completed in 1920 by Edwin Lutyens, is Britain’s main memorial to the men...
Whitehall · interesting places nearby
Banqueting House information
This is the only surviving part of the Tudor Whitehall Palace (1532), which once stretched most of the way down Whitehall and burned down in 1698. Designed by Inigo Jones in 1622, Banqueting House was England’s first purely Renaissance building and looked like no other structure in the country at the time. Apparently, the English hated it for more than a century.
A bust outside commemorates 30 January 1649, when Charles I, accused of treason by Oliver Cromwell after the Civil War, was executed on a scaffold built against a 1st-floor window here. When the monarchy was reinstated with his son, Charles II, it inevitably became something of a royalist shrine. Look to the clock tower opposite at Horse Guards Parade. The number 2 (the time of the execution) is blacked out. In a huge, virtually unfurnished hall on the 1st floor there are nine ceiling panels painted by Peter Paul Rubens in 1635. They were commissioned by Charles I and celebrate the 'benefits of wise rule' and the Union of England and Scotland Act (1603).