Late-19th-century Westerners established Lúshān, or Kuling as English-speakers called it, as a refreshing summer retreat. Gǔlǐng village was shaped after an English countryside village and its hotchpotch of stone cottages and villas remains today.
In 1959 the Central Committee of the Communist Party held a fateful meeting in Lúshān, which led to Peng Dehuai’s dismissal, almost sent Mao into a political wilderness and sowed the seeds for the vicissitudinous rise and fall of Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping.
In 1970, a meeting of the Politburo in Lúshān – exactly what happened is shrouded in as much mist as the mountains – set the stage for a clash between Lin Biao and Mao. Whatever happened, Lin was dead by the following year.