- All prices quoted are in Canadian dollars ($), unless stated otherwise.
- Canadian coins come in 5¢ (nickel), 10¢ (dime), 25¢ (quarter), $1 (loonie) and $2 (toonie or twoonie) denominations. The gold-colored loonie features the loon, a common Canadian waterbird, while the two-toned toonie is decorated with a polar bear. Canada started phasing out its 1¢ (penny) coin in 2012.
- Paper currency comes in $5 (blue), $10 (purple), $20 (green) and $50 (red) denominations. The $100 (brown) and larger bills are less common. The newest bills in circulation - which have enhanced security features - are actually a polymer-based material; they feel more like plastic than paper.
- The Canadian dollar has seen fluctuations over the last decade, though since 2007 it has tracked quite closely to the US dollar.
- For changing money in the larger cities, currency exchange offices may offer better conditions than banks.
- See Need to Know for exchange rates and costs.
Tipping is a standard practice. Generally you can expect to tip:
Restaurant waitstaff 15% to 20%
Bar staff $1 per drink
Hotel bellhop $1 to $2 per bag
Hotel room cleaners From $2 per day (depending on room size and messiness)
Taxis 10% to 15%