Shipka Pass information
Lonely Planet review
About 13km along a winding road north of Shipka village is the Shipka Pass (1306m). Some 900 steps lead to the top of Mt Stoletov (1326m), dominated by the impressive, 32m-high Freedom Monument . It was built in 1934 as a Russo-Turkish War memorial.
The monument pays tribute to the 7000 Russian troops and Bulgarian volunteers who, in August 1877, died while successfully repelling numerous attacks by some 27,000 Turkish soldiers desperately trying to relieve their besieged comrades in Pleven. To reach the pass from Kazanlâk or Shipka, take any bus to Haskovo, Gabrovo or Veliko Târnovo and ask to get off at the Shipka Pass (Shipchensky prokhod).