Forte Defensor Perpétuo
Rio de Janeiro State
Forte Defensor Perpétuo was built in 1703 to defend against pirate raids on the gold passing through Paraty’s port, then rebuilt in 1822 upon Brazil’s independence from Portugal. It’s a 20-minute walk north of town. To get there, cross the bridge over the Rio Perequê Açu, then climb the Morro da Vila Velha, the hill past Praia do Pontal.