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The first settlement here was established at Redcliffe on Moreton Bay in 1824 – a penal colony for difficult convicts from the Botany Bay colony in NSW. After struggling with inadequate water supplies and hostile Abor­iginal groups, the colony was relocated to safer territory on the banks of the Brisbane River, before the whole colony idea was abandoned in 1839.

Moreton Bay was thrown open to free settlers in 1842, an action that marked the beginning of Brisbane’s rise to prominence and the beginning of the end for the region’s Aboriginal peoples.